Article 7

 

1. The Russian Federation shall be a social state whose policy is aimed at creating conditions ensuring a worthy life and a free development of Man.

 

2. In the Russian Federation the labour and health of people shall be protected, a guaranteed minimum wage shall be established, State support shall be provided for the family, maternity, fatherhood and childhood, to the disabled and to elderly citizens, the system of social services shall be developed and State pensions, allowances and other social security guarantees shall be established.

 

Article 8

 

1. In the Russian Federation the integrity of economic space, free flow of goods, services and financial resources, support of competition, and the freedom of economic activity shall be guaranteed.

 

2. In the Russian Federation private, State, municipal and other forms of property shall be recognized and shall be protected on an equal basis.

 

Article 9

 

1. Land and other natural resources shall be utilized and protected in the Russian Federation as the basis of the life and activity of the peoples living on the territories concerned.

 

2. Land and other natural resources may be subject to private, State, municipal and other forms of ownership.

 

Article 10

 

State power in the Russian Federation shall be exercised on the basis of its division into legislative, executive and judicial authority. Bodies of legislative, executive and judicial authority shall be independent.

 

Article 11

 

1. State power in the Russian Federation shall be exercised by the President of the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly (the Council of Federation and the State Duma), the Government of the Russian Federation, and the courts of the Russian Federation.

 

2. State power in constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be exercised by bodies of State government formed by those constituent entities.

 

3. The division of authorities and powers among State government bodies of the Russian Federation and State government bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be established by this Constitution, the Federation Treaty and other treaties on the division of authorities and powers.

 

Article 12

 

Local self-government shall be recognized and guaranteed in the Russian Federation. Local self-government shall be independent within the limits of its competence. Bodies of local self-government shall not form part of the system of State government bodies.

 

Article 13

 

1. Ideological diversity shall be recognized in the Russian Federation.

 

2. No ideology shall be proclaimed as State ideology or as obligatory.

 

3. Political diversity and the multi-party system shall be recognized in the Russian Federation.

 

4. Public associations shall be equal before the law.

 

5. The establishment and activities of public associations whose goals and activities are aimed at the forcible changing of the basis of the constitutional order and at violating the integrity of the Russian Federation, at undermining its security, at creating armed units, and at instigating social, racial, national and religious strife shall be prohibited.

 

Article 14

 

1. The Russian Federation shall be a secular state. No religion may be established as the State religion or as obligatory.

 

2. Religious associations shall be separate from the State and shall be equal before the law.

 

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